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Google and Meta executives are pushing back against a proposed Canadian online news bill, arguing that it threatens to undermine free speech and digital innovation. The bill, known as Bill C-10, aims to amend Canada’s Broadcasting Act to expand regulation of online content and require platforms like YouTube and TikTok to financially contribute to the creation of Canadian content.

At a Canadian Heritage Committee hearing on May 3rd, representatives from Google and Meta (formerly Facebook) argued that the bill could harm the open internet and discourage innovation in the tech industry. Google’s director of public policy and government relations in Canada, Colin McKay, warned that the bill could result in “overregulation” that could limit the free flow of information and harm the growth of Canadian digital startups.

Meanwhile, Meta’s vice president of public policy for the Americas, Kevin Chan, expressed concerns about the bill’s impact on user-generated content and the ability of smaller platforms to compete with larger ones. Chan argued that the bill could force platforms to prioritize Canadian content over other types of content, which could negatively impact user engagement and ultimately hurt the creators who rely on these platforms for their livelihoods.

Critics of the bill have also raised concerns about its potential impact on free speech, as the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) would be granted greater powers to regulate online content. Some have argued that this could lead to censorship and the suppression of dissenting voices.

Despite these concerns, supporters of the bill argue that it is necessary to ensure that Canadian culture and content continue to thrive in the digital age. Canadian Heritage Minister Steven Guilbeault has stated that the bill is not intended to target user-generated content, but rather to ensure that platforms like Netflix and Amazon Prime contribute financially to Canadian content creation.

The debate over Bill C-10 is part of a broader global conversation about the regulation of online content and the role of tech companies in shaping the digital landscape. As governments around the world grapple with how to balance the need for free speech with the need to regulate harmful content, it is likely that similar debates will continue to play out in the years to come.